Reading Comprehension - Management Styles

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Management Styles

The characteristics of management often vary according to national culture, which can determine how managers are trained, how they lead people and how they approach their jobs.

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Below you will find five brief portraits of managers in five different countries: the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Sweden.

Managers from the United States...

  • Generally attend business schools.
  • Communicate easily and informally at work.
  • Admire the qualities of a leader.
  • Expect everyone to work hard.
  • Individual performance is measured and initiative is rewarded.
  • Have competitive and sometimes aggressive attitudes towards work.
  • Often accept innovation and change.

Managers from the United Kingdom...

  • Receive a general education.
  • Delegate authority.
  • Take a practical approach to management.
  • Have relatively formal relationship at work.
  • Encourage their employees to work individually.
  • Believe it is important to continue education and training at work.

Managers from Germany...

  • Consider professional and technical skills to be very important.
  • Have a strong sense of authority.
  • Respect the different positions in the hierarchy of their companies.
  • Clearly define how jobs should be done.
  • Are very loyal to their companies and expect their subordinates to obey them.
  • Are often older than in other countries.

Managers from France...

  • Go through an elitist educational system.
  • Have a strong sense of hierarchy and power.
  • Often have impersonal relationships at work.
  • Analyze problems in great detail before taking decisions.
  • Consider speaking skills to be particularly important.
  • Move easily between state and private sectors.

Managers from Sweden...

  • Consider social qualities to be as important as education.
  • Encourage their employees to take an interest in their work.
  • Pay close attention to the quality of working life.
  • Do not use as much authority as in other countries.
  • Appreciate low-level decision-making.
  • Are often women.
 

 

Questions

1.- Decide which country the following statements refer to:

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)Need specialised training to become a manager
2)Have extreme authority over their superiors
3)Don´t encourage employees to work as a team
4)Care a great deal for the working environment
5)Think carefully before making any type of decision
6)Believe in continual training
7)Are open to change
8)Have a high percentage of female managers
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2.- Find synonyms in the text for the following words:

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)Ability
2)To appoint
3)To value
4)Frequently
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