Insurance protects us against the financial consequences of damage or loss of our own or other people's property.
It also provides financial compensation for accidental injury or death. For all types of insurance, the insurance company calculates the level of risk and fixes a premium.
The insured person or company agrees to pay the premium. In return, the insurance company guarantees to pay financial compensation if what is insured against happens.
The details of each insurance are contained in the insurance policy.
This shows the risks that have been insured against and the levels of compensation that will be paid.
When someone wishes to make a claim for compensation he or she completes an application form and submits it to the insurance company.
The claim is then considered and then either accepted or rejected.