Gerunds are verbs used as nouns, and are formed by adding -ing to the infinitive.
- E.g. dance - dancing, enjoy - enjoying, etc.
They are used:
1. After prepositions:
- Before making decisions I always consult my friends.
- I am quick at reaching conclusions.
- After watching the film I went to bed.
2. After certain verbs (e.g. verbs of emotion Like, love, enjoy, hate, etc and verbs such as finish and stop):
- I love walking in the park.
- We enjoy dancing on Saturdays.
- I finished working at three o'clock.
3. As the subject of a sentence:
- Translating French is a challenge.
- Eating pizza is one of my favourite hobbies.
- Checking detail is not one of my strong points.
Infinitives are used:
1. After certain verbs:
- To try to do something
- To persuade somebody to do something, etc
- To choose to do something
- To decide to do something
- To forget to do something
- To promise to do something
- To need to do something
- To help somebody to do something
- To hope to do something
- To want to do something
- To would like to do something
2. After certain adjectives:
- Hard to do something
- Easy to do something
Complete the following sentences using a gerund or an infinitive.
|1)||I´m looking forward to on holiday.|
|2)||She left the room without goodbaye.|
|3)||I was surprised you at the party.|
|4)||Do you like ?|
|5)||It is difficult antiques.|
|6)||We prefer seafood.|
|7)||They managed home before dark.|
|8)||He stopped as an accountand.|
|9)||books, is one of my favourite hobbies.|
|10)||I´m thinking of to Paris.|
|11)||They always try music before to bed.|
|12)||Thank you for me.|
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