Paper 3 (Use of English) - Part 1 (Gap Fill)

Lesson 12 – Paper 3 – Use of English (Part 1)

(45 minutes)

Overview of Paper 3

Paper 3 (Use of English) is a paper which has been designed to test your knowledge of grammar and vocabulary.  You have 45 minutes to answer four parts. 

 

Here is an overview of what each part consists of:

 

Part 1 

In Part 1, there are a total of 12 questions.  Each question is worth one mark.  You are given a text with gaps and four possible options as to what the answer could be.  This exercise is a multiple-choice cloze and the emphasis is on grammar and vocabulary. 

 

Part 2

In Part 2, there are 12 questions (1 mark each question).  You again are given a text with gaps but you have to choose which word goes in each gap.  This is an open-cloze exercise. 

 

Part 3

In Part 3, there are 10 questions (1 mark each).  You are given a text with gaps and you have to choose the form of the word (in brackets) that fits in each gap.  The emphasis in Part 3 is on vocabulary. 

 

Part 4

In Part 4, there are 8 questions (2 marks each).  You have to complete a gapped response using a key word.  You can write between two and five words.  The focus is on key word transformations. 

 

 

This lesson and the following three will focus on the different parts of the Use of English Paper. 

 

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Part 1

In Part 1 of the Use of English paper, the focus in on grammar and vocabulary.  You are given a short text with contains fifteen gaps.  You have to complete the gaps by choosing the correct word or phrase from 4 possible answers.    

 

Before we look at an example text, we are going to do some vocabulary practice.  In this lesson, there are only a number of exercises to prepare you for Part 1. There are however books on the market devoted to Paper 2 (Use of English).  Therefore, if you find this Paper difficult, it might be worth investing in a book. 

 

Let’s do some practice!

 

A.     Choose the correct answer (Adjectives)

Read the sentences and decide which answer A, B, C or D fits each gap. 

 

1.      Laura wore a red dress to the party but unfortunately, it didn’t really _________ her.

A.      fit

B.      suit

C.      match

D.     agree with

 

2.      Tim wasn’t _________ in applying for the position of trainee manager but he applied anyway.

A.      keen

B.      eager

C.      enthusiastic

D.     interested

 

3.      My grandma is going to find it very difficult when she moves in with my mum as she is very _________ in her ways.

A.      set

B.      old-fashioned

C.      stubborn

D.     fixed

 

4.      Could you speak up? I’m sorry I’m _________ of hearing.

A.      bad

B.      difficult

C.      unsure

D.     hard

 

5.      Jessica decided to go on a diet because she was five pounds _________.

A.      fat

B.      heavy

C.      overweight

D.     too large

 

6.      Alex can you please put some oil on the bathroom door? It’s really _________.

A.      squeaky

B.      creaking

C.      high-pitched

D.     shrill

 

7.      As soon as she looked in the mirror, she could see that her dress was very _________. 

A.      squashed

B.      smashed

C.      lined

D.     creased

 

8.      I love going to their house for dinner because they are really _________ at cooking.

A.      fond

B.      satisfied

C.      good

D.     rich

 

 

B.      Match the phrasal verb with its primary definition.

The following exercises are going to focus on phrasal verbs with come and cut

 

Phrasal verb

1.      To come out (e.g. the sun)

2.      To come across something

3.      To come into (e.g. money)

4.      To come out (e.g. in the wash)

5.      To cut down

6.      To be cut up about something

7.      To cut out

8.      To cut off

 

Meaning

To appear

To be upset

To decrease

To disappear

To disconnect (telephone)

To eliminate

To find

To inherit

 

C.  Complete the sentences with the appropriate phrasal verb (see list above). 

 

1.      After washing the jumper three times, the stain eventually ____________.

2.      As soon as she started dieting, she ____________ junk food from her diet.

3.      Carly hasn’t quit smoking but she has ____________.  She now only smokes two cigarettes per day.

4.      It looks like it’s going to be a really nice day.  The sun has ____________ and it’s 20 degrees.

5.      Julie ____________ a lot of money when her grandfather died.

6.      May called Katie back as she got ____________ during their last conversation.

7.      Ruben is really ____________ about the fact that he can’t go to the school disco on Friday night.

8.      When I was cleaning my bedroom, I ____________ the bracelet that I thought I had lost.

 

 

D.     Choose the correct answer (Various words)

1.      Laura gave her mum a _______ with the washing up. 

A.      help

B.      support

C.      assistance

D.     hand

 

2.      I’m so sorry your phone doesn’t work anymore.  It wasn’t my _______ to knock it into the water.

A.      plan

B.      intention

C.      purpose

D.     meaning

 

3.      Alex didn’t take any _______ of the fact that he didn’t have any money and bought the expensive watch.

A.      notice

B.      attention

C.      regard

D.     control

 

4.      You should take a raincoat with you _______ it rains.

A.      because

B.      even though

C.      despite

D.     in case

 

5.      They are going to miss the plane _______ they hurry up.

A.      provided

B.      if

C.      unless

D.     in spite of

 

6.      Gemma went to live in Russia _______ she could pick up the language.

A.      so that

B.      therefore

C.      in order

D.     because of

 

7.      Everyone is coming to the Christmas party _______ for Gemma.

A.      except

B.      apart

C.      but

D.     with the exception

 

8.      It is _______ unlikely that Wales will beat Scotland in the Rugby cup final.

A.      greatly

B.      fully

C.      largely

D.     highly

 

 

Introduction to the topic of the exam text 

Answer the following questions out loud giving as much information as possible.  

  • ·         Have you ever been to a zoo?
  • ·         When was the first time you went?
  • ·         What did you see? What was your first impression?
  • ·         What are some of the arguments in favour of zoos?
  • ·         What are some of the arguments against zoos?
  • ·         What do you think will happen to zoos in the future?

elephants

 

Video – Giving advice (Video 12.1)

 

Listen to your teacher give you some advice as to how to complete Part 1 of Paper 3.  Make notes.

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E.   You are now going to read a short text about zoos.  There are 15 gaps.  The first gap 0 is given to you as an example.

 

Zoos

The majority of people can recall the first time they were (0)________ to a zoo.  The (1)________ excitement of seeing wild animals for the first (2)________ remains with them for life.  Animals that perhaps they had only really read about in books or seen in TV programmes can be observed directly in front of them.  However, there is (3)________ debate concerning the future of these places of interest and which animals, if any, zoos will be allowed to house in the future. 

Those in favour of zoos strongly believe that they have an educational (4)________ .  They teach people of all ages about where animals come from, their behaviour and their natural habitat.  Not only are people given the (5)________ to learn about the specific characteristics of the animals housed at the zoo, but also about the types of countries they come from.  In addition to educating people, the supporters of zoos believe that these institutions are in charge of (6)________ money for research purposes.  Many zoo workers are also vets or animals psychologists who try to gain a better understanding of the animals around them.   Something which they believe is important to understand the (7)________ of man.

Those against, seem to present some (8)________arguments.  They claim that animals should not be kept in cages as it is cruel.  They also maintain that some of the enclosures which the animals (9)________ are too small and as a (10)________, the animals suffer.  You can often see animals demonstrate their (11)________  at being kept in such confined spaces.  Some animals can be seen walking up and down their enclosures, others get depressed and prefer to sleep all day as they lose enthusiasm for life.  All of these aspects can (12)________affect the health of the animals.  Those opposed to zoos feel that the money zoos raise in donations would be better (13)________ on protecting animals in the wild and preventing a number of them from becoming extinct. 

From what we have observed, it is clear that zoos will (14)________ in the future.  They have to as there are more and more people against these establishments and visitors to these places of interest are decreasing.  It is uncertain as to whether these animals will be sent back to their natural habitats or whether zoos will exist  on a smaller scale.  Everyone has their own opinion…so, what is your (15)________ of view?

 

0.

taken

brought

shown

visited

 

1.

A.      Original

B.      Early

C.      Initial

D.     First

 

2.

A.      Occasion

B.      Time

C.      Event

D.     Moment

 

3.

A.     Large

B.     Generous

C.     Liberal

D.     Considerable

 

4.

A.      Activity

B.      Function

C.      Responsibility

D.     Concern

 

5.

A.      Opportunity

B.      Break

C.      Probability

D.     Instance

 

6.

A.      Increasing

B.      Raising

C.      Producing

D.     Boosting

 

7. 

A.      Progress

B.      Change

C.      Education

D.     Evolution

 

8.

A.      Stronger

B.      Durable

C.      Heavy

D.     Deeper

 

9.

A.      Populate

B.      Survive

C.      Inhabit

D.     Exist

 

10.

A.      Solution

B.      Effect

C.      Outcome

D.     Result

 

11.

A.      Bother

B.      Frustration

C.      Impatience

D.     Passion

 

12.

A.      Unsafely

B.      Negatively

C.      Destructively

D.     Uncomfortably

 

13.

A.      Spent

B.      Consumed

C.      Paid

D.     Paid out

 

14.

A.      Differ

B.      Amend

C.      Change

D.     Modify

 

15.

A.      Opinion

B.      Topic

C.      Argument

D.     Point 

 

 

Answers

A

1.      B

2.      D

3.      A

4.      D

5.      C

6.      A

7.      D

8.      C

B

1.      To appear

2.      To find

3.      To inherit

4.      To disappear

5.      To decrease

6.      To be upset

7.      To eliminate

8.      To disconnect (telephone)

 

C

1.      Came out

2.      Cut out

3.      Cut down

4.      Come out

5.      Came into

6.      Cut off

7.      Cut up

8.      Came across

 

D.

 

  1. 1.      D
  2. 2.      B
  3. 3.      A
  4. 4.      D
  5. 5.      C
  6. 6.      A
  7. 7.      A
  8. 8.      D

 

E.

0.      A

1.      C

2.      B

3.      D

4.      C

5.      A

6.      B

7.      D

8.      A

9.      C

10. D

11. B

12. B

13. A

14. C

15. D

 

 

 

 

Zoos

The majority of people can recall the first time they were (0)________ to a zoo.  The (1)________initial excitement of seeing wild animals for the first (2)________time remains with them for life.  Animals that perhaps they had only really read about in books or seen in TV programmes can be observed directly in front of them.  However, there is (3)________considerable debate concerning the future of these places of interest and which animals, if any, zoos will be allowed to house in the future. 

Those in favour of zoos strongly believe that they have an educational (4)________ responsibility.  They teach people of all ages about where animals come from, their behaviour and their natural habitat.  Not only are people given the (5)________opportunity to learn about the specific characteristics of the animals housed at the zoo, but also about the types of countries they come from.  In addition to educating people, the supporters of zoos believe that these institutions are in charge of (6)________raising money for research purposes.  Many zoo workers are also vets or animals psychologists who try to gain a better understanding of the animals around them.   Something which they believe is important to understand the (7)________evolution of man.

Those against, seem to present some (8)________stronger arguments.  They claim that animals should not be kept in cages as it is cruel.  They also maintain that some of the enclosures which the animals (9)________inhabit are too small and as a (10)________result, the animals suffer.  You can often see animals demonstrate their (11)________ frustration at being kept in such confined spaces.  Some animals can be seen walking up and down their enclosures, others get depressed and prefer to sleep all day as they lose enthusiasm for life.  All of these aspects can (12)________negatively affect the health of the animals.  Those opposed to zoos feel that the money zoos raise in donations would be better (13)________spent on protecting animals in the wild and preventing a number of them from becoming extinct. 

From what we have observed, it is clear that zoos will (14)________change in the future.  They have to as there are more and more people against these establishments and visitors to these places of interest are decreasing.  It is uncertain as to whether these animals will be sent back to their natural habitats or whether zoos will exist  on a smaller scale.  Everyone has their own opinion…so, what is your (15)________point of view?

 

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