Starting a Job

1.- Vocabulary – Linking Words

Because: porque
Therefore: por lo tanto
Unfortunately: desgraciadamente
Nowadays: hoy en día
However: sin embargo
Although: aunque
Moreover: por otra parte
Nevertheless: sin embargo
In spite of: a pesar de que
In fact: efectivamente 
Since: desde que 
Also: también 
While: mientras
For example: por ejemplo
Consequently: como consecuencia 
First: para comenzar
Next: a continuación
Then: luego 
Finally: como colofón
To conclude: para concluir

 

1.A.- Practice

A - Find the following words in the Word Search:

However / Therefore / Nevertheless / Moreover / Since / Although / For example / Then / Consequently / Finally

(Para ver la imagen hacer doble click en la tabla; un click vuelve a posición original)

Find the following words in the Word Search


 

B – Choose the correct joining word to complete the sentence.

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1) he was rich he didn´t spend a lot of money on clothes. (Nevertheless/ Although)
2) I have lived at this house I have never been in the garden. (In fact/ Since)
3)I am not in the office on Monday come and see me on Tuesday. (Therefore/ Consequently)
4)He arrived at half past eight. (Finally/ Then)
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2.- Grammar – Past Simple v Past Continuous

FORM – Past Simple (Regular Verbs) Learn Irregular Verbs!

Infinitive + ed

 

Affirmative
Negative
Question
 
I watched
I didn’t watch
Did I watch?
You watched
You didn’t watch
Did you watch?
He/she/it watched
He/she/it didn’t watch
Did he watch?
We watched
We didn’t watch
Did we watch?
You watched
You didn’t watch
Did you watch?
They watched
They didn’t watch
Did they watch?


FORM – Past Continuous

Was/Were + Gerund

 

Affirmative
Negative
Question
 
I was watching
I wasn’t watching
Was I watching?
You were watching
You weren’t watching
Were you watching?
He was watching
He wasn’t watching
Was he watching?
We were watching
We weren’t watching
Were they watching?
You were watching
You weren’t watching
Were you watching?
They were watching
They weren’t watching
Were they watching?

 

USE: Past Simple – to express a completed action in the past

Common Past Simple Keywords:

  • Yesterday
  • The day before yesterday 
  • An hour ago 
  • Last week 
  • Last month

Examples

  • Yesterday I cleaned my bedroom.
  • Last month I went to Paris.

In these sentences there is only one action.


USE: Past Continuous – to express an action in progress while another action happened.

Common Past Continuous Keywords:

  • When
  • While 
  • Whilst

Examples

  • I was eating an apple when the dog entered the room.
  • While he was writing a letter his mum offered him a drink.

In these sentences there are two actions. One is expressed in the Past Continuous (the action in progress), the other is expressed in the Past Simple (the action that happened).

 

 

2.A.- Practice

A – Complete the following in either the Past Simple or Past Continuous (as indicated) using one of the following verbs:

Play / eat / ride / ring / go / write

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)Yesterday I my bike to school (Past simple)
2)Last month we to Spain on holiday (Past simple)
3)He the piano when the doorbell (Past continuous, past simple)
4)They their luch while I a letter (Past continuous, past simple)
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B – Choose the correct answer the complete the sentence.

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)I to do my homework.
2)Whike I I drank some water.
3)In the picture the man
4)I couldn´t watch the film because I
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C - Complete the following sentences. You should put one verb in the past simple and one in the past continuous.

E.g. I was having (have) a shower when the doorbell rang (ring)

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)I (meet) Petter while I (shop) this morning.
2)We (walk) home this evening when it suddenly (being) to rain.
3)I (hurt) my back when I (work) in the garden.
4)I (stay) in Oxford, so I (go) to see Tim.
5)Robert (do) his homework las night and he (forget) to telephone home.
6)We (live) in Greece when our first daughter (be) born.
7)She (work) in the library when she (see) Maria.
8)Everybody (talk) and suddenly the lights (go) out.
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3.- Reading

(Para ver la traducción hacer doble click en la tabla; un click vuelve a posición original)

 

Starting a Job

 

 

3.A.- Practice

A – Fill in the table with Sarah’s details

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)Name:
2)New Job:
3)Place of work:
4)Name of boss:
5)Previous job:
6)Place of work:
7)Ages taught:
8)Reason for changing jobs:
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B – List 5 linking words used in the text.

Inicia sesión para hacer seguimiento de tus autoevaluaciones
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
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Starting a Job
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