Grammar: Questions


a) Questions


Question words:

Por qué



Formation of questions using question words:

Question word + auxiliary verb + subject + bare infinitive (without to)


  • What do you eat for breakfast?
  • Where do they live?
  • Why do we need to go to school?
  • Why does he play football?


The auxiliary "do / does" changes to "did" when asking a question in the past.

  • Where did you live?


We do not use the auxiliary "do / does / did" in questions if "who / what / which" is the subject of the sentence.


Who - object
Who - subject
Amanda spoke to somebody
Somebody spoke to Amanda
  • Who did Amanda speak to?
  • Who spoke to Amanda?

We use "who" when we are referring to people. We use "what" or which when we are referring to things or places.


More examples with "who / what / which" as the subject:

  • Who wants to play tennis? (Not - who does want)
  • Which computer is the best? (Not - which computer does be)


Questions without question words:

We usually make a question by changing the word order in a sentence. We put the first auxiliary verb before the subject:

Sentence: We will go swimming tomorrow

Question: Will we go swimming tomorrow?

Sentence: I have been working hard

Question: Have you been working hard?


b) Answering questions

When answering a question you usually use the bare infinitive:

  • Where do you live? I live in London
  • Do you have any brothers or sisters? Yes, I have one brother

However, when the question does not require any specific information and a simple yes or no answer, we use the auxiliary verb as the answer.

  • Does he enjoy his job? Yes, he does
  • Do you play the trumpet? Yes, I do
Contenidos que te pueden interesar
Este sitio usa cookies para personalizar el contenido y los anuncios, ofrecer funciones de redes sociales y analizar el tráfico. Ninguna cookie será instalada a menos que se desplace exprésamente más de 400px. Leer nuestra Política de Privacidad y Política de Cookies. Las acepto | No quiero aprender cursos gratis. Sácame