Grammar / Literary Approach

A. Look at these tenses and say which are in passive.

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1)The house is made out of wood
2)The kitchen will be fitted on Tuesday
3)The city was built in 1960
4)The walls have been knocked down by a bulldozer
5)The cupboards are being fixed by the carpenter
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B. Which of these active sentences can be changed into the passive? Do it.

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1)That dress doesn´t suit you
2)Mould is devouring the walls
3)These sheets wash well
4)The company give money to charity every year
5)Everyone agreed with the plan
6)This cake tastes good
7)The audience laughed at the clowns
8)Eight million people live in London
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C. Complete these sentences using the correct verb forms

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1)You are expected to
2)You were warned
3)He is said to have
4)Mr Smith is believe to be
5)Shakespeare was considered to be
6)We were asked to
7)It was felt that
8)It has been reported that
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The Lotos Eaters by Lord Alfred Tennyson


Alfred Tennyson


"Courage!" he said, and pointed toward the land,
"This mounting wave will roll us shoreward soon."
In the afternoon they came unto a land
In which it seemed always afternoon.
All round the coast the languid air did swoon,
Breathing like one that hath a weary dream.
Full-faced above the valley stood the moon;
And like a downward smoke, the slender stream
Along the cliff to fall and pause and fall did seem.

A land of streams! Some, like a downward smoke,
Slow-dropping veils of thinnest lawn, did go;
And some through wavering lights and shadows broke,
Rolling a slumberous sheet of foam below.
They saw the gleaming river seaward flow
From the inner land: far off, three mountain-tops,
Three silent pinnacles of aged snow,
Stood sunset-flushed: and, dewed with showery drops,
Up-clomb the shadowy pine above the woven copse.

The charmed sunset lingered low adown
In the red West: through mountain clefts the dale
Was seen far inland, and the yellow down
Bordered with palm, and many a winding vale
And meadow, set with slender galingale;
A land where all things always seemed the same!
And round about the keel with faces pale,
Dark faces pale against that rosy flame,
The mild-eyed melancholy Lotos-eaters came.

Branches they bore of that enchanted stem,
Laden with flower and fruit, whereof they gave
To each, but whoso did receive of them,
And taste, to him the gushing of the wave
Far far away did seem to mourn and rave
On alien shores; and if his fellow spake,
His voice was thin, as voices from the grave;
And deep-asleep he seemed, yet all awake,
And music in his ears his beating heart did make.

They sat them down upon the yellow sand,
Between the sun and moon upon the shore;
And sweet it was to dream of Fatherland,
Of child, and wife, and slave; but evermore
Most weary seemed the sea, weary the oar,
Weary the wandering fields of barren foam.
Then some one said, "We will return no more;"
And all at once they sang, "Our island home
Is far beyond the wave; we will no longer roam."


A. Exercises

  • Describe the land of the Lotos Eaters.
  • What are some features of the poem's language?
  • Does the poem seem to express ambivalence or hesitation about the prospect of continuing the voyage?
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