In today’s lesson we are going to look at different health problems. We are also going to learn new vocabulary related to illnesses. Let’s begin!

1.- Introduction

A. Look at the pictures of some common health problems. Match the health problem to the picture.

A cold / The flu / A rash / Sore throat
Backache / Headache

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1) Headache
2) The flu
3) A rash
4) A cold
5) back
6) Sore throat
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If you don’t understand some of the problems, look them up in a dictionary.


2.- Speaking Activity

Answer the questions out loud.

  • How often do you see your doctor?
  • When was the last time you fell ill? What was wrong with you?

Now listen to your teacher answer the questions. Note down her answers any interesting words/phrases.


Audio Script

I don’t go to the doctor’s very often. I would say I probably go once every two years.

The last time I went to the doctors because of illness was probably about a year ago. I had an infection in my foot and it was really painful. The doctor gave me some antibiotics and my foot got better after a week.


3.- Vocabulary

A. Match the following health problems to their symptoms:

(En todas las preguntas, para ver respuesta hacer doble click en recuadro; un click vuelve a recuadro original)



Here are a few verbs to help you match the health problems to their symptoms:

  • To concentrate: Concentrarse
  • To ache: Doler
  • To swallow: Tragar
  • To hurt: Doler
  • To itch: Picar
  • To scratch: Rascarse


B. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the word in brackets.

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1)When I (swallow) my throat really hurts.
2)I woke up feeling really bad. I soon realised I had a (fever) and so I took a paracetamol and went back to bed.
3)My skin (itch) a lot today. I think I´m allergic to something in this room.
4)We met up with Tina on Friday and although she had a (block up) nose, she looked great.
5)If you have an allergy to something and your skin irritates you, you shouldn´t (scratch) it.
6)The (rash) that covered his legs looked really painful.
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4.- Pre-Listening

You are going to listen to two conversations between a doctor and his patients. Here are the questions the doctor asks:



A. What do you think is wrong with each patient?


5.- Listening

A. Now listen and see if you are right.


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1)Patient 1:
2)Patient 2:
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B. Listen again to the first dialogue. Note down the answers to the questions.

Dialogue 1

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C. Now listen to dialogue 2 and choose the correct answer.




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  1. The patient has had a backache for
  2. The patient only went for a short run because
  3. The patient has taken some paracetamol for the pain
  4. The Doctor
  5. The doctor advises the patient to
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Check your answers.


Audio Script

Dialogue 1

Doctor: Hello, come in. How can I help you?
Patient: Hi. I hope you can help me. I feel terrible.
Doctor: Hhhh. What are your symptoms?
Patient: Well, I’ve got a sore throat, a cough and a backache.
Doctor: Do you have a temperature?
Patient: Oh yes, I forgot about that. Yes, I’ve definitely got a temperature.
Doctor: How long have you felt like this?
Patient: I started feeling bad two days ago but now I feel really bad.
Doctor: Do you have a head ache too?
Patient: Yes! I’ve tried taking paracetamol but it doesn’t really help.
Doctor: It sounds to me like you’ve got the flu.

Dialogue 2

Patient: Morning Doctor. How are you?
Doctor: Not too bad. What seems to be the problem today?
Patient: Well, I’ve got a really bad back ache and it’s causing me so much pain!
Doctor: How long has it been hurting you?
Patient: I started to feel a pain in my back about four days ago and since then the pain has just got worse.
Doctor: Have you done any exercise this week?
Patient: Well, I tried to go for a run on Saturday but after running for five minutes I thought it was probably a bad idea to do any exercise so I stopped and came back home.
Doctor: I see. Have you taken any paracetamol for the pain?
Patient: Yeah and it still hurts!
Doctor: Ok, I’m now going to examine your back. So, does it hurt when I touch your back here?
Patient: No.
Doctor: What about here?
Patient: Ouch, yes, it does.
Doctor: I think the best thing for you is to go to the physiotherapist.


6.- Focus on pronunciation and intonation

Practice saying the dialogues out loud. If you are not sure of the pronunciation or intonation, listen again.


7- Speaking Activity

Time to practice what you have learned!

You go to the doctor’s because you have the following symptoms:

  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Fever

Try and imagine the conversation you are going to have in your head.

Your doctor is going to begin the conversation. Listen to the recording and answer the questions.



Audio Script

  • Good morning! How can I help you today?
  • What are your symptoms?
  • How long have you had these symptoms?
  • Have you been drinking a lot of water?
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